Umu Dictionary

‘A


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‘aja
• sweet
• tasty
• palatable
• pleasant
• pleasing
• agreeable
• sweetness
• tastiness
• flavour


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‘ajö
‘aj

• horse


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‘anö
‘an
• (adverb of degree)
• quite
• very
• awfully


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‘anö köja
‘ankja

quite also

• very
• extremely
• completely
• totally
• so
• most
• expresses the superlative


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‘ara
• boy
• son


H


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haka
• dialect
• language
• spoken words
• speech
• talk
• words
• conversation
• what sb said


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hamö
ham

• knife
• blade
• single-edged sword
• cutlass


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havi
• elderly man
• grandfather
• grandad
• grandpa
• term of address to an older ma


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haza
• here
• in
• at or to this place or position


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hiti
• disciple
• student


‘I


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‘i
• one
• 1
• single
• a (article)
• as soon as
• entire
• whole
• all
• throughout


J


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jima
• full moon
• to hope
• to expect
• to visit
• to gaze (into the distance)
• to look towards
• towards


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jina
• small
• tiny
• few
• young


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jöja
jja | ijá

• what?
• something
• anything
• to bind
• bunch
• bundle
• classifier for bunches, bundles, beams of light etc
• to control


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jöjö
jj | ji

• field
• farmland
• cropland
• grass
• straw
• manuscript
• draft (of a document)
• careless
• rough


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jöka
jka | iká

• recluse
• hermit
• hermit crab
• to hide
• to conceal
• to mask
• to lie low
• to nestle
• to shelter
• to harbor (i.e. keep sth hidden)
• hidden
• implicit
• private
• covert
• recessed (lighting)
• a hideout


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jöki
jki | ikí

• pineapple


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jö’a
jwa | iwá

• child


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jöma
jma | imá

• good
• well
• proper
• good to
• easy to
• very
• so

 


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jömö
jm | im

• steam
• smoke


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jöna
jna | iná

• broom
• ceremony performed to welcome visitors. Sometimes leaves are waved as a symbol of death.


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jöpa
jpa | ipá

• turnip
• radish
• onion


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jötö
jt | it

• roots
• potato
• yam


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jöva
jva | ivá

• little darling
• baby


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jözö
jz | iz

• elderly woman
• grandmother
• female elder


K


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kenu
• to burn
• to ignite
• to light
• fig. to spark off (hopes)
• to start (debate)
• to raise (hopes)



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kipa
• book
• letter
• document


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köja
kja
• also
• and
• too
• a word giving emphasis


 

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kömu
kmu

• big
• huge
• large
• major
• great
• wide
• deep
• oldest
• eldest


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köva
kva

• dog


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kuzu
• to thank
• to wither (of flowers, leaves etc)
• to decline


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kurö
kul
• as if
• (just) like
• just as
• still
• yet


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kuru
• water source
• water supply
• headwaters of a river


M


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mari
• female
• mother


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ma’ö
maw

• to throw
• to toss
• to fling
• to cast
• to abandon


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me’u
shark
• dogfish
• gummy shark
• a general name for sharks


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minö
min

• rich
• abundant
• wealthy
• to have
• to possess
• to own


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miri
• steam
• vapor
• to steam
• to cook in a steamer
• to reheat cold food by steaming it


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miru
• to weigh
• to state
• to name
• name
• appellation
• to praise


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mora
• mountain
• hill
• anything that resembles a mountain


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mönu
mnu

• seat
• chair


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möta
• to use
• by means of
• with
• according to
• in order to
• because of
• at (a certain date or place)


N


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nanö
nan

• on top
• upon
• above
• upper
• previous
• first (of multiple parts)
• to climb
• to get onto
• to go up


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netu
• roots or stems of plants
• origin
• source
• root
• foundation
• basis
• classifier for books, periodicals, files etc.


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nezu
• direction
• way
• road
• path
• principle
• truth
• morality
• reason
• skill
• method
• to say
• to speak
• to talk


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nimi
• cloud
• to obscure
• to confuse
• to mix up
• to blur
• to mislead


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nöjö
nj | ni

• marketplace
• market (also in abstract)
• bazaar
• to market
• to sell


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nöna
nna

• to eat
• to taste
• to entice (using bait)


p145983392237887.jpg
nöni
nni

• small thing
• (maximally general inanimate classifier)


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nöni haza
nnihaza

• this
• this one
• these


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nöni vöna
nnivna
• that
• those


p145983399065937.jpg
nönu
nnu
• of
• belonging to
• from
• (used to form a nominal expression)
• (used at the end of a declarative sentence for emphasis)


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nöti
nti

• girl
• young woman
• young lady
• daughter


‘O


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‘opa
• Hello!
• Hi!
• How are you?
• good
• well
• proper


‘Ö


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‘öma
wma
• I
• me
• we
• us


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‘ömö
wmö

• plural marker for pronouns, and nouns referring to individuals


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‘öpu
wpu

• to observe
• to watch
• to survey
• to examine
• observation
• view
• perspective


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‘öti
wti

• you


P


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pemu
• field
• farm
• farming area
• village



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piju
• solace
• comfort


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piva
• to dry (of weather, paint, cement etc)
• desiccation
• dull
• uninteresting
• arid


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pö’i
pwi

• to cover
• to wrap
• to hold
• to include
• to take charge of
• to contract (to or for)
• package
• wrapper
• container
• bag
• to hold or embrace
• bundle
• packet


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pöja
pja

• prize
• trophy
• title
• altar table


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pöjö
pj | pi

• fork
• branch
• bifurcation
• dilemma


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pöju
pju

• to fit
• suitable
• proper
• just (now)
• comfortable
• well
• to go
• to follow or pursue


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pökö
pök | pk

• to unbalance
• lopsided
• unbalanced
• abnormal
• irregular
• odd fractional remnant
• an imbalance


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pönö
pön | pn

• power
• force
• strength
• ability
• strenuously


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pöpö
pöp | b

• a drop
• to drip


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pönu
pnu

• vassal
• dependent
• subordinate
• subservient
• appendage


T


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taji
• city walls
• city
• town


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tetu
• river


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tipi
• small
• tiny
• few
• young


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tiri
• to buy
• to purchase


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tö’i
twi

• to rear
• to bring up (children)
• to nurture


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töjö
tj | ti

• camp
• barracks
• battalion
• to build
• to operate
• to manage
• to strive for


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töki
tki

• to hold on to
• to cling to
• to dig up
• to rake
• to push aside
• to climb
• to pull out
• to strip off


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töna
tna

• victory
• success
• to beat
• to defeat
• to surpass
• victorious
• superior to
• to get the better of
• better than
• surpassing
• superb (of vista)
• beautiful (scenery)
• wonderful (view)
• equal to (a task)


p145983520992786.jpg
töti
tti | di

• to pursue (a goal etc) stubbornly
• to seek after
• to woo
• race (running)
• to race (running)


p145983525152574.jpg
tötu
ttu | du

• frog
• toad


p145983530870163.jpg
tözi
si

• female
• woman


‘U


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‘urö
‘ul

• to weigh
• to state
• to name
• name
• appellation
• to praise


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‘u’ö
‘uw

• new
• newly
• young
• youthful


p145983546439304.jpg
‘umu
• language
• culture
• writing
• formal
• literary
• gentle


V


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vini
• to come
• to arrive
• to come round
• ever since
• next


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vova
• cliff
• rock


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vöna
vna

• there
• over there


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vövu
fu

• (maximally general question particle)


Z


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zanö
zan

• to walk
• to go
• to travel
• a visit
• temporary
• makeshift
• current
• in circulation
• to do
• to perform
• capable
• competent
• effective
• all right
• OK!
• will do


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zimu
• woods
• forest
• circle(s) (i.e. specific group of people)
• a collection (of similar things)


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zimu köva
zímukva

forest dog
• wolf


p145983577497078.jpg
zöjö
zi

• beautiful
• very satisfactory
• good
• to be pleased with oneself

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5 thoughts on “Umu Dictionary

Add yours

  1. Hi! I loved your post. I’m a translation student but I’m keen on writing systems and I’m planning to create a mixed writing system for Quechua (which is one of the languages spoken in my country) I had a question about your project: How are you sure that the symbols won’t be repeated?

    1. Cheers Jaco!

      Because of how blocks overlap, this DOES happen sometimes. It’s happened with the ‘k’ family and the ‘p’ family… It’s happened so seldom that it’s hard for me to find examples.

      I’m not bothered by this and enjoy it happening. I think it happens so often in natural writing systems that it’s not something I’d need to actively avoid.

      Best to you with translation and working with language. Quechua is amazing (from what I’ve read about it) and because you know it, you’ll have a wider perspective with your conlang projects.

      Tell me when you unveil your writing system and get it on Omniglot too.

  2. I think it would be nicer if they can be written in Chinese calligraphy style or Arabic calligraphy style.

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