All sentences in Umu must contain either a subject marker or a predicate marker (or both). No sentence is complete without one. They both come in three forms: 3rd person, 1st person, and 2nd person. There is no distinction for plurals.
Subject markers are used to indicate who is performing the action. It usually comes first in the sentence. The subject marker is always followed by a verb, then the subject itself.
It also functions as the subject pronoun.
This can lead to constructions not found in English.
Lack of Number
Umu words do to distinguish between singular and plural. This goes for subject (and predicate) markers. Additional words can be used to avoid ambiguity. They follow the words they modify.
Where there is no subject, they follow the verb.
Predicate markers come after the subject. They agree with the predicate. They also function as object pronouns.
These are some of the most basic types of sentences.
These are some of the most basic types of sentences.(subject marker) + (verb) + (predicate marker)
Lack of Tense
Umu verbs do not show tense. Context plays an important part in determining when the action took place. A single construction can have multiple meanings in English.
When necessary, tense can be indicated through the use of additional words. These words come at the end of the subject (directly before the predicate marker, if present).